Animals as the Third in Relational Psychotherapy: Exploring Theory, Frame and Practice elegantly and skillfully weaves together relevant literature, clinical reflections, compelling case material and contemporary psychoanalytic theory to demonstrate how the presence of an animal in the treatment arena can eventually bring about relational, interpersonal and intrapsychic change.
Contemporary relational psychoanalytic literature has been virtually silent about our relationship with animals, a feature seemingly intrinsic to our relational worlds. This book seeks to remediate this void by giving voice to the practice and principles of working relationally in the presence of an animal. The text accentuates recurrent themes: animals are seen by human beings as significant subjective others and are treated as legitimate partners for relational and interpersonal processes, attachment figures and transferential objects; animals in the psychotherapy environment can play the role as a ‘bridge’ from the unconscious to the conscious, from the dissociated to the experienced, from the intrapsychic to the interpersonal; as the third in the treatment arena, the animal helps to reveal the field, bringing conflicts to life and making them available for analysis in the clinical setting.
In seeking to authorise the incorporation of animals into the practice of relational psychotherapy the text applies conventional concepts to novel contexts; it extends psychoanalytic and relational principles to create a theoretical framework within which to consider the therapeutic effects of working in the triadic interactions of therapist, client and animal and thus also begins to evolve a new version of relational psychoanalytic practice. The authors value the human-animal experience in treatment and repeatedly show how the application of a relational psychoanalytic lens to the patient-therapist-animal triad can enhance the therapeutic process in ways that encourage progressive communication, understanding of the patient and the relaxing of defences, leading to the symbolising of relational capacity, therapeutic breakthrough and intrapsychic change.
Beatrice Beebe, PhD, Clinical Prof., Columbia Univ. Medical Centre –
Animals as the Third in Relational Psychotherapy is a fascinating, well-researched book, with many beautiful clinical stories, proposing that an animal presence offers unique therapeutic opportunities, including the possibility of affection without ambivalence, selfobject functions, a transitional space, and a meeting of affects. I highly recommend this book
Elana Leigh, Relational Transactional Analyst, Supervisor and Trainer –
This courageous, touching text extends considerations of the therapeutic frame and relationship beyond the dyad and takes it to a new and innovative level which sanctions the inclusion of animals within the therapeutic space. By thoughtfully integrating their clinical reflections of the animal presence in the room with insightful contemporary Relational thinking and practice, the authors move us readers from old sentimental narratives regarding animals to a new, more substantial theoretical position. The text thus highlights how psychotherapists can represent themselves in broader, transparent and authentic ways while adding to the potency and breadth in our professional work. This is an important contribution to our field as well as being a wonderful informative read
Nancy Parish-Plass, Chairperson, Israeli Association of Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy –
Thomas Ogden refers to a third subjectivity unconsciously co-created by the therapist and client, “which seems to take a life of its own in the interpersonal field between them”, which is where therapy takes place. The presence of an animal in the therapy setting, adding a third participant into the therapeutic setting, expands this interpersonal field and therefore provides further opportunities for deep relational work. The book Animals as the third in relational psychotherapy: Exploring theory, frame and practice beautifully analyses the contribution of animals to the patient, the therapist, and the psychotherapy process